Rajapalayam, India, January 19, 2015 --(PR.com
)-- Dr. Theivasanthi, a woman research faculty of International Research Center, Kalasalingam University has advanced a step ahead in the innovative field of agricultural nano-bio-fertilizers. She has made an art of science for the development of both plants and cultivating land. She has utilized nanotechnology in such a sense, towards creation of wealth from waste. Enhanced efficiency, nourishing crops in more effective ways, low price, large production within short period, safe to environment and renewable are the salient features of this new fertilizer technology.
The idea is to develop a bio-fertilizer product based on nano-biotechnology that will release nitrogen for plants and help to using it in a better manner / develop a new generation fertilizer with more efficiency. Plants struggle to get more nitrogen from the soil. Conventional fertilizers are boosting nitrogen levels of soil for a small extent, since most of them are destroyed by water or wind before being used by plants.
She explained in a research article (Nano sized Powder of Jack-fruit Seed: Spectroscopic and Anti-microbial Investigative Approach) that jack-fruit seed contains various elements like carbon, oxygen, magnesium, aluminum, phosphorous, potassium, titanium, iron, nickel and molybdenum. Carbon, oxygen and phosphorous are constituents of amino-acids. Plants chlorophyll has a magnesium atom. Aluminum and nickel are essential for enzymes. Potassium plays an important role in the growth of plants. In some plants, titanium is used in chemical energy production. Molybdenum is especially important for plants to fix nitrogen. Soils that have no molybdenum are generally unfit to support plant life.
Plant cells are larger than nano-materials and 10 to 100 μm are their normal size range. Jack-fruit seed nano-particles have size 12nm, Surface Area 462 nm2, Specific Surface Area 625 m2 g-1. Increasing surface area means increasing site of action. The prepared nano-particles have large surface area and size smaller than plant cells. So that, they will easily enter into plant cells and will exhibit more actions.
She said, fertilizers made from bio-organic wastes increase soil’s ability to hold moisture and nutrients. They keep the soil relatively healthy through rigorous application of organic techniques. Also, they attract earthworms, the helper of soil aeration and natural fertilization. Jack-fruit seed is a bio-material generally discarded as waste but its nano-particles can be utilized as a nano-fertilizer. Methionine, an essential amino acid of human nutrition is also an effective insecticide against caterpillars. 100 g jack fruit seed raw ingredients contain 260 mg of Methionine. Utilizing such an alternative method instead of chemical pesticides is safe to environment.
She further added that the recent initiation of Indian Government Clean Indian Mission’s objective is 100% collection and scientific processing/disposal reuse/recycle of Municipal Solid Waste. I expect helps from this initiative/ the Government for further research on using and recycling of organic waste disposal in an effective manner such as nano-fertilizer.
Dr. T. Theivasanthi,
International Research Center, Kalasalingam University, Krishnankoil–626126, Tamilnadu, India.
Phone: 04563-258084. Mobile: 9524818862, 9344643384.
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