Portland, ME, October 27, 2017 --(PR.com
)-- This new e-book tells the ancient history of Borrelia, the bacteria responsible for Lyme disease. They have been around for millions of years. Borrelia are spiral shaped bacteria called spirochetes that is spread by the bite of a hard bodied deer ticks. Lyme disease is recognized by the CDC as the leading vector-borne infection in the United States. The history of this spiral shaped bacteria is one of persistence. Paleoborrelia was a very ancient ancestor that has been found within fifteen million year old ticks that were trapped in tree sap and then fossilized when the sap turned into amber. Scientist at Oregon State University think that it may have infected the dinosaurs. Borrelia has been lurking in the temperate forests of Eurasia and North America for eons. The bacteria may have bugged the Neanderthals. Scientists have found spirochetes and bone infections that may be related to Lyme disease in some ancient skeletal remains. The earliest verified case of Lyme disease was found during DNA analysis of a mummy that was preserved in the ice of the Italian Alps. Ötzi died 5300 years ago. Borrelia anseria, which afflicts poultry, may have been spread around the world by the popularity of cock-fighting. The Crusaders were also plagued by ticks and lice. Richard the Lionhearted suffered from Borrelia vincenti, better known as Trench mouth, while fighting in the Holy Land. Borrelia infection is often accompanied by other pathogens. These include tick-borne Rickettsia, Bartonella, Babesia, Powassan Virus and Anaplasma/Erlichia. Cats are often infected with Bartonella. King Henry VII's first wife, Katherine of Aragon, was chronically ill for most of her life. She caught The English Sweating Sickness, which may have been caused by a particularly virulent Babesia co-infection that swept through England, This illness may have caused the string of heartbreaking miscarriages and still births. This book can be considered a prequel to the history included in M.M. Drymon's Disguised as the Devil-How Lyme disease Created Witches and Changed History.