London, United Kingdom, November 25, 2011 --(PR.com
)-- Theresienstadt opened on 24th November 1941 and operated for three-and-a-half years, serving as a transit camp for Czech Jews who were artistically and culturally talented. It was used in a propaganda function as a "show camp" for the Germans to justify to the rest of the world the deportation or resettlement of Jews from Germany to the east. In reality, it served as a ghetto, a concentration camp and a holding bank for Jews before their deportation to killing centres in Eastern Europe. Now, 70 years later, it retains its reputation as a place in which many gifted writers, musicians, academics and actors were incarcerated and forced to give performances and lectures in an effort to create an impression of normality to the rest of the world, and although teaching was banned, many children were taught by these exceptionally talented individuals. Over 90 per cent of these children, however, were later murdered in death camps.
Four years ago, at the age of 104, Alice Herz-Sommer published a book called A Garden of Eden in Hell, where she recalls her time in Theresienstadt and how she was forced to play over a hundred concerts inside the concentration camp. Despite the terrible atrocities she and her family not only witnessed but also endured, she still maintains that the Nazis were "only human."
In one of her video stories, Alice Herz-Sommer recollects a Nazi who was living in the apartment above her flat. His name was Hermann. Here she recalls the evening before she and her family were sent to Theresienstadt when the man came to visit her with his wife bearing biscuits, and said, "Mrs Sommer, I see you are [going] away. I don’t know what to tell you. In any case, I hope you will come back. What I know...what I want to tell you is that...I admire your playing...hours and hours, the patience and the beauty of the music...I thank you. In any case, I thank you."